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Volume 3 No. 4
30 December 2017

Shaocheng Zhang

2017, 3(4): 185-187.   doi:10.18679/CN11-6030/R.2017.027
Abstract ( 288  PDF(724KB) ( 312 ) HTML ()   Save
Recently, New England Journal of Medicine published an article by the famous hand surgery specialists, Yudong Gu. The important medical achievements of Gu's team include transposition of C7 nerve root of the unaffected side on the upper limbs in stroke hemiplegia, changing the brain central dominance region, and rebuilding the function of hands with spastic paralysis. These achievements are admirable because worldwide medical problems, such as stroke sequela hemiplegia, require long-term arduous...

Wenbin Ding, Shaocheng Zhang, Zhuo Wang, Lin Chen, Chuansen Zhang, Ping Huang, Shunfa Liu, Laiqing Sun, Yuhai Ma, Jun Yang, Fei Huang, Chengjing Xue, Yanxue Zhong, Lei Yin, Yongtai Pan, Dajiang Wu

2017, 3(4): 188-195.   doi:10.18679/CN11-6030/R.2017.028
Abstract ( 277  PDF(2008KB) ( 301 ) HTML ()   Save
Since 1992, task groups have used free nerve auto grafts to bridge partially transected nerves from the dominant area of the normal cerebral cortex to nerves that innervate spastic muscles from a diseased cerebral cortex, using transplanting sutures to alleviate the muscle spasm of cerebral palsy caused by different diseases. This has facilitated rebuilding of some of its neurological function. In this study, 80 such patients were followed up, including 20 patients with traumatic brain injury, 3...

Liang Zhang, Zhifeng Zhang, Jifeng Shang, Wenqing Jia, Jun Yang, Yulun Xu

2017, 3(4): 196-203.   doi:10.18679/CN11-6030/R.2017.029
Abstract ( 270  PDF(3092KB) ( 251 ) HTML ()   Save
Objective: Capillary hemangioma is a benign vascular malformation that is usually encountered in soft-tissue. Rarely, it may occur in the neuraxis, and spinal capillary hemangioma (SCH) is a rare variant of it. Existing literature on SCH is limited because of its rarity. As a result, epidemiological and clinical characteristics as well as management strategy for SCH are still lacking. Here, we present a report on five patients with pathologically proven SCH, treated in Beijing T...

Yinqian Wang, Tao Fan, Xingang Zhao, Cong Liang, Qifei Gai, Haijun Zhao

2017, 3(4): 204-212.   doi:10.18679/CN11-6030/R.2017.030
Abstract ( 261  PDF(4381KB) ( 239 ) HTML ()   Save
Objective: To describe the different pathological characteristics of congenital basilar invaginations and discuss the surgical treatment of such cases.
Methods: A total of 139 patients diagnosed with basilar invaginations underwent surgical treatment from 2008 to 2015. Based on Atul Goel's classification and simultaneous consideration of atlantoaxial dislocation or syringomyelia, the cases were subdivided into four groups. Individualized posterior surgical ...

Yuanzhang Tang, Jingjing Bian, Yuna Guo, Chenli Sun, Yawei, Xiuhua Li, Jiaxiang Ni

2017, 3(4): 213-219.   doi:10.18679/CN11-6030/R.2017.031
Abstract ( 248  PDF(2777KB) ( 296 ) HTML ()   Save
Objective: We have reported the presence of discogenic visceral pain secondary to anterior herniation of the lumbar disc. The aim of this study was to observe the inflammatory response of the sympathetic trunk to an autologous degenerative nucleus pulposus (NP) injection under fluoroscopy.
Methods: A total of 72 rats were used. In 24 rats, the autologous NP suspension was injected into the right sympathetic trunk. Next, food intake and body weight of each r...

Zongyu Xiao, Xiaojuan Chen, Kunzheng Li, Zhengping Zhang

2017, 3(4): 220-223.   doi:10.18679/CN11-6030/R.2017.032
Abstract ( 195  PDF(1434KB) ( 235 ) HTML ()   Save
Calcified chronic subdural hematoma (CCSDH) is a rare disease that accounts for approximately 0.3%-2.7% of all chronic subdural hematomas (CSDHs). The clinical features of CCSDH are very similar to those of noncalcified CSDH and include headache, decreased alertness, weakness, numbness, gait disturbance, seizures, memory impairment, confusion, and unconsciousness. All symptomatic CCSDH should be treated surgically. Majority of these patients recover well following surgery. In this report, we pre...

Xiaoxu Shen, Dong Zhao, Qi Liu

2017, 3(4): 224-228.   doi:10.18679/CN11-6030/R.2017.033
Abstract ( 207  PDF(2501KB) ( 230 ) HTML ()   Save
A brain abscess is a parenchymal infection, which is a severe intracranial infectious disease. Although the incidence is low, it causes serious inflammation and neurological deficits. The current treatments for brain abscesses are primarily surgical, including abscess resection or puncture and drainage. In recent years, extensive application of neuronavigation and electrophysiological monitoring technology have improved the safety and reliability of neurosurgery. To explore the application and c...

Hiroshi Ujiie, Chie Shinohara, Yoshinori Tamano, Kouichi Katou, Akira Teramoto

2017, 3(4): 229-236.   doi:10.18679/CN11-6030/R.2017.034
Abstract ( 181  PDF(2472KB) ( 268 ) HTML ()   Save
We reviewed basic considerations in fluid dynamics of cerebral aneurysms and applied these in surgery on the three most common types: internal carotid-posterior communicating artery, middle cerebral artery, and anterior communicating artery. It was found that aneurysmal initiation and growth do not occur at symmetric bifurcations. As blood flow always obeys the law of inertia, jet flow into the aneurysm will disperse along the wall; assuming the aneurysmal wall strength is even, the shape of the...

Min Wei, Lun Dong, Hengzhu Zhang, Zhenfei Teng, Xiaodong Wang, Zhengcun Yan, Lei She, Yuping Li, Xingdong Wang

2017, 3(4): 237-245.   doi:10.18679/CN11-6030/R.2017.035
Abstract ( 219  PDF(1229KB) ( 311 ) HTML ()   Save
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) is a pluripotent growth factor, with multiple functions in the peripheral and central nervous systems. Increasing evidence suggests that IGF-1 fine-tunes the development of the central nervous system, ensuring proper neuronal differentiation, maturation, and connectivity. It supports neuronal survival and axon growth, and acts on myelinating Schwann cells and oligodendroglia. The biological functions of IGF-1 are modulated by the IGF-1 signaling pathway. Rece...

Jingzhan Wu, Mingming Zhou

2017, 3(4): 246-256.   doi:10.18679/CN11-6030/R.2017.036
Abstract ( 183  PDF(921KB) ( 264 ) HTML ()   Save
The network characteristic of the central neural system has been widely accepted as a basic fabric form. However, the matrix characteristics of neural network are still not fully understood. If we ignore the matrix characteristics of the neural networks and just pay close attention to its connection mode, we are likely to fall into the theory of mechanical reductionism. This can lead to a problem in representing consciousness in a disadvantageous situation. It can also be a barrier to further im...